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Jets pound civilian targets in Tripoli
Sat Mar 19, 2011 8:59PM

A French Mirage 2000-5 aircraft, seen in this photo released by ECPAD (French Defence communication and audiovisual production agency), is seen in flight moments after takeoff from the Dijon military base on a mission to overfly Libya on March 19, 2011.
Foreign fighter jets have reportedly bombed civilian targets in Libya after several world leaders agreed to use military force in the North African country.

Libyan state television has released video footage of “an aerial attack” launched by Western planes against civilian structures in the Libyan capital Tripoli, Reuters reported on Saturday.

The airstrikes were launched after officials of a number countries meeting in Paris on Saturday ordered a large-scale military intervention into Libya in order to end the assaults on civilians launched by Libyan ruler Muammar Gaddafi’s forces.

Representatives of the United States, Britain, France, the United Arab Emirates, and Qatar attended the meeting.

There have been reports that French warplanes have begun firing on Libyan government troops in the eastern city of Benghazi, which is the stronghold of anti-government forces.

The French intervention came after forces loyal to the 68-year-old Libyan ruler began closing in on revolutionaries in eastern Libya, despite a ceasefire declared by Gaddafi on Friday.

In addition, US and British forces fired a barrage of at least 110 Tomahawk cruise missiles at Libya targeting Gaddafi’s air defenses on Saturday. The missiles reportedly struck pro-government forces.

Speaking to reporters in Brazil, US President Barack Obama said Washington is united with its international partners on the need to take action.

“Our consensus was strong and our resolve is clear. The people of Libya must be protected, and in the absence of an immediate end to the violence against civilians, our coalition is prepared to act and act with urgency,” he said.

Libyan anti-government forces, inspired by revolutions that toppled authoritarian rulers in neighboring Tunisia and Egypt, are fighting to unseat Gaddafi after suffering under his despotic rule for over 41 years.

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Chossudovsky: New deadly war theater opened in Libya

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on Mar 19, 2011 Follow latest updates at http://twitter.com/rt_com and http://www.facebook.com/RTnews
So a multi-national force has carried out a series of attacks against targets around the Libyan city of Benghazi. French fighter jets destroyed several armoured vehicles and tanks belonging to Colonel Ghaddafi’s troops. It was joined by the U.S. military that struck against Libya’s air defences, using cruise missiles. UK forces are also in action over Libya. These are the first raids since the UN Security Council adopted a resolution allowing the use of “all the means necessary” to protect the civilian population in Libya. Earlier, troops loyal to Colonel Ghaddafi reportedly carried out attacks on Benghazi, which is the rebel stronghold, violating a ceasefire. RT talks to Michel Chossudovsky, who’s director of the Centre for Research on Globalisation.

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Yemen president sacks cabinet, crowds bury ‘martyrs’

Embattled Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh sacked his government on Sunday as mourners massed in Sanaa to bury many of the 52 people gunned down by his loyalists, and more regime figures quit over the killings. Skip related content

Tens of thousands of people turned out for the funerals in what witnesses said was the largest gathering of Saleh’s opponents since protests against his autocratic regime erupted in late January.

About 30 bodies were laid out in rows, and the square near Sanaa University overflowed with mourners who gathered under tight security and despite the state of emergency.

On Friday pro-Saleh snipers on rooftops raked demonstrators in the square with bullets in an attack which more than doubled the death toll from several weeks of unrest to around 80.

The violence drew condemnation from the United Nations, the European Union and the United States, which sees Saleh as a key partner in battling Al-Qaeda in the region.

Saleh suffered a further blow with the resignation on Sunday of Yemen’s ambassador to the United Nations, Abdullah Alsaidi, and human rights minister Huda al-Baan in protest at the deadly attacks on demonstrators. Read more

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Nigel Farage: Van Rompuy must apologise over Gaddafi meeting

Mar 16, 2011

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http://www.ukipmeps.org

• European Parliament, Brussels – 16 March 2011

• Speaker: Nigel Farage MEP, UKIP, Co-President of the EFD Group in the European Parliament (Europe of Freedom and Democracy)

• Extraordinary meeting of the Conference of Presidents with EU Council President Herman Van Rompuy–Full Transcript:

Mr van Rompuy, I hope you resist the calls for military action this afternoon, indeed the Liberal leader, Mr Verhofstadt, made a very pro-war speech.

I hope you will resist that on the grounds that there is no legitimacy or consent for the European Union to take military action, and that experience shows that if you go into military action, that may be easy, but getting out of it can be rather more difficult, and getting involved in Libya could indeed be a Vietnam-type experience, so please, please resist it.

But on Colonel Gaddafi, himself – you’re quite right to say that what is happening in Libya is really very wrong indeed.

But of course we knew that even before the uprising. Just last year he declared a holy war – a jihad – against the Swiss; he tried to blackmail the European Union – do you remember? He said give us 5 billion euros or we’ll flood you with migrants.

And of course he’s the man who was happy to embrace Al Megrahi, the man who committed the biggest ever mass murder in British history.

But what you didn’t tell us in your speech was about the fact that you actually know Mr Gaddafi. Indeed you went to meet him in December didn’t you?

Do you remember? In fact there’s a jolly nice photograph of you and Mr Gaddafi holding hands – in fact I have to say, I’ve never seen you smiling more or looking happier. Perhaps he’s an old drinking mate. I don’t know!

But I wonder why? Why would you want to be photographed with Mr Gaddafi? And I put it to you that it could well be that since you were appointed as President of Europe – and your side-kick, the Noble Baroness Ashton became a High Representative for Foreign Affairs – that you know that you’ve been seen on the global stage like a couple of political pygmies.

As Wikileaks showed you were very unhappy that you weren’t being recognised – unhappy that you were snubbed by Obama – and here was the chance to go along and be accepted by a head of state.

I don’t think that you, there, parading with dictators, was a very good and sensible thing to do, indeed not just you. The British Labour government made similar mistakes. But I do ask you at this juncture – with the horrendous things that are going on in Libya – I do ask you:

Do you accept that it was an error of judgement to be photographed as recently as December with Colonel Gaddafi and would you please, if you do, apologise for it.

Thank you.

► EU Member States:

Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Germany, Denmark, Estonia, Spain, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, United KinMar 19, 2011

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The planet is going into convulsions and all these psychopaths can think of is making a killing on another war.

 

www.sott.net

UN security council expected to pass resolution calling for states to protect Libyan civilians as Gaddafi threatens counterattack British, French and US military aircraft are preparing to protect the Libyan rebel stronghold of Benghazi after Washingto…

While Hilary Clinton sends US jets to attack Gaddafi, she sanctions the disgusting King of Bahrain’s decision to call in troops from Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Kuwait to do what you see in this video. Meanwhile, Britain invites the King of Bahrain to the “royal wedding”.

Sick psychopathic, conscienceless animals.

 

www.sott.net

Police killer brutality. They are massacring the peaceful protesters . This happened today Sitra 16th March….
 

www.youtube.com

‎1970 Motown Time Capsule video featuring the song War by Edwin Starr

War – Edwin Starr

www.youtube.com

‎1970 Motown Time Capsule video featuring the song War by Edwin Starr

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“Operation Libya”: The US-NATO Attempted Coup d’Etat in Libya and the Battle for Oil

Tue, 08 Mar 2011Prof Michel Chossudovsky
Global Research

Part I: Insurrection and Military Intervention: The US-NATO Attempted Coup d’Etat in Libya?

The US and NATO are supporting an armed insurrection in Eastern Libya, with a view to justifying a “humanitarian intervention”.

This is not a non-violent protest movement as in Egypt and Tunisia. Conditions in Libya are fundamentally different. The armed insurgency in Eastern Libya is directly supported by foreign powers. The insurrection in Benghazi immediately hoisted the red, black and green banner with the crescent and star: the flag of the monarchy of King Idris, which symbolized the rule of the former colonial powers. (See Manlio Dinucci, ‘Libya-When historical memory is erased‘, Global Research, Febraury 28, 2011)

US and NATO military advisers and special forces are already on the ground. The operation was planned to coincide with the protest movement in neighbouring Arab countries. Public opinion was led to believe that the protest movement had spread spontaneously from Tunisia and Egypt to Libya.

The Obama administration in consultation with its allies is assisting an armed rebellion, namely an attempted coup d’état:

“The Obama administration stands ready to offer “any type of assistance” to Libyans seeking to oust Moammar Gadhafi, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton [February 27] “we’ve been reaching out to many different Libyans who are attempting to organize in the east and as the revolution moves westward there as well,” Clinton said. “I think it’s way too soon to tell how this is going to play out, but we’re going to be ready and prepared to offer any kind of assistance that anyone wishes to have from the United States.” Efforts are under way to form a provisional government in the eastern part of the country where the rebellion began at midmonth.

The U.S., Clinton said, is threatening more measures against Gadhafi’s government, but did not say what they were or when they might be announced.

The U.S. should “recognize some provisional government that they are trying to set already up…” [McCain]

Lieberman spoke in similar terms, urging “tangible support, (a) no-fly zone, recognition of the revolutionary government, the citizens’ government and support for them with both humanitarian assistance and I would provide them with arms.”

(Clinton: US ready to aid to Libyan opposition – Associated, Press, February 27, 2011, emphasis added)

The Planned Invasion

A military intervention is now contemplated by US NATO forces under a “humanitarian mandate”.

“The United States is moving naval and air forces in the region” to “prepare the full range of options” in the confrontation with Libya: Pentagon spokesperson Col. Dave Lapan of the Marines made this announcement [March 1]. He then said that “It was President Obama who asked the military to prepare for these options,” because the situation in Libya is getting worse.” ( Manlio Dinucci, ‘Preparing for “Operation Libya”: The Pentagon is “Repositioning” its Naval and Air Forces‘, Global Research, March 3, 2011, emphasis added)

The real objective of “Operation Libya” is not to establish democracy but to take possession of Libya’s oil reserves, destabilize the National Oil Corporation (NOC) and eventually privatize the country’s oil industry, namely transfer the control and ownership of Libya’s oil wealth into foreign hands. The National Oil Corporation (NOC) is ranked 25 among the world’s Top 100 Oil Companies. (‘The Energy Intelligence ranks NOC 25 among the world’s Top 100 companies‘ – Libyaonline.com)

Libya is among the World’s largest oil economies with approximately 3.5% of global oil reserves, more than twice those of the US. (for further details see Part II of this article below, “‘Operation Libya” and the Battle for Oil’)

The planned invasion of Libya, which is already underway is part of the broader “Battle for Oil”. Close to 80 percent of Libya’s oil reserves are located in the Sirte Gulf basin of Eastern Libya. (See map below)

The strategic assumptions behind “Operation Libya” are reminiscent of previous US-NATO military undertakings in Yugoslavia and Iraq.

In Yugoslavia, US-NATO forces triggered a civil war. The objective was to create political and ethnic divisions, which eventually led to the break up of an entire country. This objective was achieved through the covert funding and training of armed paramilitary armies, first in Bosnia (Bosnian Muslim Army, 1991-95) and subsequently in Kosovo (Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), 1998-1999). In both Kosovo and Bosnia, media disinformation (including outright lies and fabrications) were used to support US-EU claims that the Belgrade government had committed atrocities, thereby justifying a military intervention on humanitarian grounds.

Ironically, “Operation Yugoslavia” is now on the lips of US foreign policy makers: Senator Lieberman has “likened the situation in Libya to the events in the Balkans in the 1990s,” when he said the U.S. “intervened to stop a genocide against Bosnians. And the first we did was to provide them the arms to defend themselves. That’s what I think we ought to do in Libya.” (Clinton: US ready to aid to Libyan opposition – Associated, Press, February 27, 2011, emphasis added.

The strategic scenario would be to push towards the formation and recognition of an interim government of the secessionist province, with a view to eventually breaking up the country.

This option is already underway. The invasion of Libya has already commenced.

“Hundreds of US, British and French military advisers have arrived in Cyrenaica, Libya’s eastern breakaway province,… The advisers, including intelligence officers, were dropped from warships and missile boats at the coastal towns of Benghazi and Tobruk” (DEBKAfile, ‘US military advisers in Cyrenaica’, February 25, 2011)

US and allied special forces are on the ground in Eastern Libya, providing covert support to the rebels This was recognized when British SAS Special Forces commandos were arrested in the Benghazi region. They were acting as military advisers to opposition forces:

“Eight British special forces commandos, on a secret mission to put British diplomats in touch with leading opponents of Col Muammar Gadaffi in Libya, ended in humiliation after they were held by rebel forces in eastern Libya, The Sunday Times reported today.

The men, armed but in plain clothes, claimed they were there to check the opposition’s needs and offer help.” (Top UK commandos captured by rebel forces in Libya: Report, Indian Express, March 6, 2011, emphasis added)

The SAS forces were arrested while escorting a British “diplomatic mission” which entered the country illegally (no doubt from a British warship) for discussions with leaders of the rebellion. The British foreign office has acknowledged that “a small British diplomatic team [had been] sent to eastern Libya to initiate contacts with the rebel-backed opposition”. U.K. diplomatic team leaves Libya – World – CBC News, March 6, 2011).

Ironically, the reports not only confirm Western military intervention (including several hundred special forces), they also acknowledge that the rebellion was firmly opposed to the illegal presence of foreign troops on Libyan soil:

“The SAS’s intervention angered Libyan opposition figures who ordered the soldiers to be locked up on a military base. Gadaffi’s opponents fear he could use any evidence of western military interference to rally patriotic support for his regime.” (Reuters, March 6, 2011)

The captured British “diplomat” with seven special forces soldiers was a member of British Intelligence, an MI6 agent on a “secret mission”. (The Sun, March 7, 2011)

Confirmed by US NATO statements, weapons are being supplied to opposition forces. There are indications although no clear evidence so far that weapons were delivered to the insurgents prior to the onslaught of the rebellion. In all likelihood, US NATO military and intelligence advisers were also on the ground prior to the insurgency. This was the pattern applied in Kosovo: special forces supporting and training the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) in the months prior to the 1999 bombing campaign and invasion of Yugoslavia.

As events unfold, however, Libyan government forces have regained control over rebel positions:

“The big offensive pro-Qaddafi forces launched [March 4] to wrest from rebel hands control of Libya’s most important towns and oil centers resulted [March 5] in the recapture of the key town of Zawiya and most of the oil towns around the Gulf of Sirte. In Washington and London, talk of military intervention on the side of the Libyan opposition was muted by the realization that field intelligence on both sides of the Libyan conflict was too sketchy to serve as a basis for decision-making.” (Debkafile, ‘Qaddafi pushes rebels back. Obama names Libya intel panel’, March 5, 2011, emphasis added)

The opposition movement is firmly divided regarding the issue of foreign intervention.

The division is between the grassroots movement on the one hand and the US supported “leaders” of the armed insurrection who favor foreign military intervention on “humanitarian grounds”.

The majority of the Libyan population, both the supporters and opponents of the regime, are firmly opposed to any form of outside intervention.

Media Disinformation

The broad strategic objectives underlying the proposed invasion are not mentioned by the media. Following a deceitful media campaign, where news was literally fabricated without reporting on what was actually happening on the ground, a large sector of international public opinion has granted its unbending support to foreign intervention, on humanitarian grounds.

The invasion is on the Pentagon’s drawing board. It is slated to be carried out irrespective of the demands of the people of Libya including the opponents of the regime, who have voiced their aversion to foreign military intervention in derogation of the nation’s sovereignty.

Naval and Air Force Deployment

Were this military intervention to be carried out it would result in an all out war, a blitzkrieg, implying the bombing of military as well as civilian targets.

In this regard, General James Mattis, Commander of U.S. Central Command, (USCENTCOM), has intimated that the establishment of a “no fly zone” would de facto involve an all out bombing campaign, targeting inter alia Libya’s air defense system:

‘It would be a military operation – it wouldn’t be just telling people not to fly airplanes. ‘You would have to remove air defence capability in order to establish a no-fly zone, so no illusions here.’ (‘U.S. general warns no-fly zone could lead to all-out war in Libya‘, Mail Online, March 5, 2011, emphasis added).

A massive US and allied naval power has been deployed along the Libyan coastline.

The Pentagon is moving its warships to the Mediterranean. Aircraft carrier USS Enterprise had transited through the Suez Canal within a few days following the insurrection. ( http://www.enterprise.navy.mil )

U.S. amphibious warships, USS Ponce and USS Kearsarge, have also been deployed in the Mediterranean.

 

USS Enterprise transits the Suez Canal in Egypt, February 15, 2011, handout photo, U.S. Navy

400 US Marines have been dispatched to the Greek Island of Crete “ahead of their deployment on warships off Libya” ( “Operation Libya”: US Marines on Crete for Libyan deployment, Times of Malta, March 3, 2011).

Meanwhile Germany, France, Britain, Canada and Italy are in the process of deploying war vessels along the Libyan coast.

Germany has deployed three war ships using the pretext of assisting in the evacuation of refugees on the Libya-Tunisia border. “France has decided to send the Mistral, its helicopter-carrier, which, according to the Defense Ministry will contribute to evacuation of thousands of Egyptians.” (‘Towards the Coasts of Libya: US, French and British Warships Enter the Mediterranean‘, Agenzia Giornalistica Italia, March 3, 2011) Canada has dispatched (March 2) Navy Frigate HMCS Charlottetown.

Meanwhile, US 17th Air Force, named US Air Force Africa based at Ramstein Air Force Base in Germany is assisting in evacuation of refugees. US-NATO air force facilities in Britain, Italy, France and the Middle East are on standby.

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© Global Research
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Part II. “Operation Libya” and the Battle for OilThe geopolitical and economic implications of a US-NATO led military intervention directed against Libya are far-reaching. 

Libya is among the World’s largest oil economies with approximately 3.5% of global oil reserves, more than twice those of the US.

“Operation Libya” is part of the broader military agenda in the Middle East and Central Asia which consists in gaining control and corporate ownership over more than sixty percent of the world’s reserves of oil and natural gas, including oil and gas pipeline routes.

“Muslim countries including Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Yemen, Libya, Egypt, Nigeria, Algeria, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Malaysia, Indonesia, Brunei, possess between 66.2 and 75.9 percent of total oil reserves, depending on the source and methodology of the estimate.” (See Michel Chossudovsky, The “Demonization” of Muslims and the Battle for Oil, Global Research, January 4, 2007) .

With 46.5 billion barrels of proven reserves, (10 times those of Egypt), Libya is the largest oil economy in the African continent followed by Nigeria and Algeria (Oil and Gas Journal). In contrast, US proven oil reserves are of the order of 20.6 billion barrels (December 2008) according to the Energy Information Administration. (U.S. Crude Oil, Natural Gas, and Natural Gas Liquids Reserves)

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The most recent estimates place Libya’s oil reserves at 60 billion barrels. Its gas reserves at 1,500 billion m3. Its production has been between 1.3 and 1.7 million barrels a day, well below its productive capacity. Its longer term objective is three million b/d and a gas production of 2,600 million cubic feet a day, according to figures of the National Oil Corporation (NOC).

The (alternative) BP Statistical Energy Survey (2008) places Libya’s proven oil reserves at 41.464 billion barrels at the end of 2007 which represents 3.34 % of the world’s proven reserves. (Mbendi Oil and Gas in Libya – Overview).

Oil is the “Trophy” of US-NATO led Wars

An invasion of Libya would serve the same corporate interests as the 2003 invasion and occupation of Iraq. The underlying objective is take possession of Libya’s oil reserves, destabilize the National Oil Corporation (NOC) and eventually privatize the country’s oil industry, namely transfer the control and ownership of Libya’s oil wealth into foreign hands.

The National Oil Corporation (NOC) is ranked 25 among the world’s Top 100 Oil Companies. (The Energy Intelligence ranks NOC 25 among the world’s Top 100 companies. – Libyaonline.com)

The planned invasion of Libya, which is already underway is part of the broader “Battle for Oil”. Close to 80 percent of Libya’s oil reserves are located in the Sirte Gulf basin of Eastern Libya. (See map above)

Libya is a Prize Economy. “War is good for business”. Oil is the trophy of US-NATO led wars.

Wall Street, the Anglo-American oil giants, the US-EU weapons producers would be the unspoken beneficiaries of a US-NATO led military campaign directed against Libya.

Libyan oil is a bonanza for the Anglo-American oil giants. While the market value of crude oil is currently well in excess of 100 dollars a barrel, the cost of Libyan oil is extremely low, as low as $1.00 a barrel (according to one estimate). As one oil market expert commented somewhat cryptically:

“At $110 on the world market, the simple math gives Libya a $109 profit margin.” (Libya Oil, ‘Libya Oil One Country’s $109 Profit on $110 Oil’, EnergyandCapital.com March 12, 2008)

Foreign Oil Interests in Libya

Foreign oil companies operating prior to the insurrection in Libya include France’s Total, Italy’s ENI, The China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC), British Petroleum, the Spanish Oil consortium REPSOL, ExxonMobil, Chevron, Occidental Petroleum, Hess, Conoco Phillips.

Of significance, China plays a central role in the Libyan oil industry. The China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) had, until its repatriation, a Chinese workforce in Libya of 30,000. British Petroleum (BP) in contrast had a British workforce of 40 which has been repatriated.

Eleven percent (11%) of Libyan oil exports are channelled to China. While there are no figures on the size and importance of CNPC’s production and exploration activities, there are indications that they are sizeable.

More generally, China’s presence in North Africa is considered by Washington to constitute an intrusion. From a geopolitical standpoint, China is an encroachment. The military campaign directed against Libya is intent upon excluding China from North Africa.

Also of importance is the role of Italy. ENI, the Italian oil consortium puts out 244,000 barrels of gas and oil, which represents almost 25 percent of Libya’s total exports. ( Sky News: Foreign oil firms halt Libyan operations, February 23, 2011).

Among US companies in Libya, Chevron and Occidental Petroleum (Oxy) decided barely 6 months ago (October 2010) not to renew their oil and gas exploration licenses in Libya. Did they have advanced knowledge of the insurrection? (Why are Chevron and Oxy leaving Libya?: Voice of Russia, October 6, 2010). In contrast, in November 2010, German oil company, R.W. DIA E signed a far-reaching agreement with Libya’s National Oil Corporation (NOC) involving exploration and production sharing. (AfricaNews – Libya: German oil firm signs prospecting deal – The AfricaNews)

The financial stakes as well as “the spoils of war” are extremely high. The military operation is intent upon dismantling Libya’s financial institutions as well as confiscating billions of dollars of Libyan financial assets deposited in Western banks.

It should be emphasised that Libya’s military capabilities, including its air defense systems, are weak.

 

Libya Oil Concessions

Redrawing of the Map of Africa

Libya has the largest oil reserves in Africa. The objective of US-NATO interference is strategic: it consists in outright theft, in stealing the nation’s oil wealth under the disguise of a humanitarian intervention.

This military operation is intent upon establishing US hegemony in North Africa, a region historically dominated by France and to lesser extent by Italy and Spain.

With regard to Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria, Washington’s design is to weaken the political links of these countries to France and push for the installation of new political regimes which have a close rapport with the US. This weakening of France as part of a US imperial design is part of a historical process which goes back to the wars in Indochina.

US-NATO intervention leading to the eventual formation of a US puppet regime is also intent upon excluding China from the region and edging out China’s National Petroleum Corp (CNPC). The Anglo-American oil giants including British Petroleum which signed an exploration contract in 2007 with the Ghadaffi government are among the potential “beneficiaries” of the proposed US-NATO military operation.

More generally, what is at stake is the redrawing of the map of Africa, a process of neo-colonial redivision, the scrapping of the demarcations of the 1884 Berlin Conference, the conquest of Africa by the United States in alliance with Britain, in a US-NATO led operation.

 

The colonial redivision of Africa. 1913

Libya: Strategic Saharan Gateway to Central Africa

Libya has borders with several countries which are in the French sphere of influence including Algeria, Tunisia, Niger and Chad.

Chad is potentially an oil rich economy. ExxonMobil and Chevron have interests in Southern Chad including a pipeline project. Southern Chad is a gateway into the Darfur region of Sudan. China has oil interests in both Chad and Sudan. The China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) signed a far-reaching agreement with the Chad government in 2007.

Niger is strategic to the United States in view of its extensive reserves of uranium. At present, France dominates the uranium industry in Niger through the French nuclear conglomerate Areva, formerly known as Cogema. China also has a stake in Niger’s uranium industry.

More generally, the Southern border of Libya is strategic for the United States in its quest to extend its sphere of influence in Francophone Africa, a vast territory extending from North Africa to Central and Western Africa. Historically this region was part of France and Belgium’s colonial empire, the borders of which were established at the Berlin Conference of 1884.

 

© hobotraveler.com

The US played a passive role in the 1884 Berlin Conference. This new 21st Century redivision of the African continent, predicated on the control over oil, natural gas and strategic minerals (cobalt, uranium, chromium, manganese, platinum and uranium) largely supports dominant Anglo-American corporate interests.

US interference in North Africa redefines the geopolitics of an entire region. It undermines China and overshadows the influence of the European Union.

This new redivision of Africa not only weakens the role of the former colonial powers (including France and Italy) in North Africa. it is also part of a broader process of displacing and weakening France (and Belgium) over a large part of the African continent.

US puppet regimes have been installed in several African countries which historically were in the sphere of influence of France (and Belgium), including The Republic of Congo and Rwanda. Several countries in West Africa within the sphere of France (including Côte d’Ivoire) are slated to become US proxy states.

The European Union is heavily dependent on the flow of Libyan oil. 85 percent of its oil is sold to European countries. In the case of a war with Libya, the supply of petroleum to Western Europe could be disrupted, largely affecting Italy, France and Germany, which are heavily dependent on Libyan oil. The implications of these disruptions are far-reaching. They also have direct bearing on the relationship between the US and the European Union.

Concluding Remarks

The mainstream media, through massive disinformation, is complicit in justifying a military agenda which, if carried out, would have devastating consequences not only for the Libyan people: the social and economic impacts would be felt Worldwide.

There are at present three distinct war theaters in the broader Middle East Central Asian region: Palestine, Afghanistan, Iraq. In the case of an attack on Libya, a fourth war theater would be opened up in North Africa, with the risk of military escalation.

Public opinion must take cognizance of the hidden agenda behind this alleged humanitarian undertaking, heralded by the heads of state and heads of government of NATO countries as a “Just War”. The Just War theory in both its classical and contemporary versions upholds war as a “humanitarian operation”. It calls for military intervention on ethical and moral grounds against “rogue states” and “Islamic terrorists”.

The heads of state and heads of government of NATO countries are the architects of war and destruction in Iraq and Afghanistan. In an utterly twisted logic, they are heralded as the voices of reason, as the representatives of the “international community”.

Realities are turned upside down. A humanitarian intervention is launched by war criminals in high office, who are the guardians of the Just War theory.

Abu Ghraib, Guantanamo, civilian casualties in Pakistan resulting from US drone attacks on town and villages, ordered by president Obama, are not front page news, nor are the 2 million civilian deaths in Iraq. There is no such thing as a “Just War”.

The history of US imperialism should be understood. The 2000 Report of the Project of the New American Century entitled “Rebuilding Americas’ Defenses” calls for the implementation of a long war, a war of conquest. One of the main components of this military agenda is: to “Fight and decisively win in multiple, simultaneous theater wars”.

“Operation Libya” is part of that process. It is another theater in the Pentagon’s logic of “simultaneous theater wars”.

The PNAC document faithfully reflects the evolution of US military doctrine since 2001. The US plans to be involved simultaneously in several war theaters in different regions of the World.

While protecting America, namely “National Security” of the United States of America is upheld as an objective, the PNAC report does spell out why these multiple theater wars are required. The humanitarian justification is not mentioned.

What is the purpose of America’s military roadmap?

Libya is targeted because it is one among several remaining countries outside America’s sphere of influence which fail to conform to US demands. Libya is a country which has been selected as part of a military “road map” which consists of “multiple simultaneous theater wars”. In the words of former NATO Commander Chief General Wesley Clark:

“in the Pentagon in November 2001, one of the senior military staff officers had time for a chat. Yes, we were still on track for going against Iraq, he said. But there was more. This was being discussed as part of a five-year campaign plan, he said, and there were a total of seven countries, beginning with Iraq, then Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Iran, Somalia and Sudan…. (Wesley Clark, Winning Modern Wars, p. 130).

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Libyan rebels warns of ‘half a million dead’ as Gaddafi’s men take Brega and advance on Benghazi

By Daily Mail Reporter
Last updated at 2:30 PM on 13th March 2011

  • Rebels beg NATO for no-fly zone over Libya to stop deadly air attacks
  • Gaddafi’s men now heading for rebel stronghold of Benghazi

Retreating Libyan rebels are bracing for a ‘massacre’ of ‘half a million’ as state television today reported that forces loyal to Moammar Gaddafi have retaken the oil town of Brega in the east of the country.

The poorly equipped and loosely organised rebels have been forced into retreat and have once again pleaded with NATO to enforce a no-fly zone as they prepare for a last stand in the rebel capital of Benghazi.

Gaddafi’s forces pushed the front line miles deeper into rebel territory yesterday to just 25 miles outside Brega, the site of a major oil terminal.

A Libyan rebel carries a rocket-propelled grenade launcher today before dozens of opposition fighters reportedly pulled out of the eastern town of Brega amid heavy shelling from forces loyal to strongman Gaddafi
A Libyan rebel carries a rocket-propelled grenade launcher today before dozens of opposition fighters reportedly pulled out of the eastern town of Brega amid heavy shelling from forces loyal to strongman Gaddafi
Doctors working at a hospital in Benghazi join other protesters in calling for a no-fly zone over Libya during a rally today
Doctors working at a hospital in Benghazi join other protesters in calling for a no-fly zone over Libya during a rally today

Today’s report declared the town has been ‘cleansed from armed gangs’, but Libyan TV has issued faulty reports claiming territory in the past.

The party mood of last week, with rebels certain of victory over Colonel Gaddafi’s regime, turned to panic as the retreating men shouted to Western journalists: ‘Where is your army and your weapons? We need them to win this battle.’

The rebels have seen a string of defeats in recent days – a major setback for opposition forces who just a week ago held the entire eastern half of the country and were charging toward the capital, Tripoli.

Mustafa Abdul-Jalil, head of the rebels’ interim governing council, despaired at the West expressing solidarity but failing to back him with military action.

‘If there is no no-fly zone, if Gaddafi’s ships are not checked, then we will have a catastrophe in Libya,’ he said.

Smoke rises as a Libyan jet fighter drops a bomb on anti-Libyan government fighters positioned on the outskirts of Ras Lanuf on Friday
Smoke rises as a Libyan jet fighter drops a bomb on anti-Libyan government fighters positioned on the outskirts of Ras Lanuf on Friday
Libyan rebels man an anti-aircraft machine gun in Brega earlier todayLibyan rebels man an anti-aircraft machine gun in Brega earlier today

He added that if the tyrant’s forces reach the rebel stronghold of Benghazi, ‘it will mean the death of half a million people’.

Western diplomats have said Arab and African approval was necessary before the Security Council voted on imposing a no-fly zone, which would be imposed by NATO nations to protect civilians from air attack by Gadhafi’s forces.

The U.S. and many allies have expressed deep reservations about the effectiveness of a no-fly zone, and the possibility it could drag them into another messy conflict in the Muslim world.

Outside the rebel stronghold of Benghazi deep in opposition territory, Al-Jazeera cameraman Ali Hassan al-Jaber was killed in what the pan-Arab satellite station described as an ambush.

Correspondent Baybah Wald Amhadi said the crew’s car came under fire from the rear as it returned from an assignment south of Benghazi.

Al-Jaber was shot three times in the back and a fourth bullet hit another correspondent near the ear and wounded him, Amhadi said.

‘Even areas under rebel control are not totally safe,’ he said. ‘There are followers, eyes or fifth columns, for Colonel Gaddafi.’

Map showing control of Libyan towns with description of latest incidents

There has also been fighting between government forces and rebels inside Gaddafi’s territory in Misrata, Libya’s third-largest city, 125 miles southeast of Tripoli, and the last remaining rebel stronghold in the west of Libya.

‘We know that his forces have encircled Misrata from all sides. They are 15 to 20 km away from the centre of town with their tanks and heavy weapons,’ Mohamad Ahmed, a rebel fighter in Misrata said.

‘We are bracing for a massacre. We know it will happen and Misrata will be like Zawiyah but we believe in God. We do not have the capabilities to fight Gaddafi and his forces. They have tanks and heavy weapons and we have our belief and trust in God,’ he said.

A man fires an AK-47 rifle in the air during the funeral of a rebel killed in clashes with forces loyal to Gaddafi in Benghazi today
A man fires an AK-47 rifle in the air during the funeral of a rebel killed in clashes with forces loyal to Gaddafi in Benghazi today

A doctor evacuating critically-ill patients from hospital in the last fighting for Ras Lanuf said: ‘Gaddafi wants to kill us all.

‘He sees no difference between the sick, ordinary people and soldiers. He is targeting our doctors and ambulances. I found two young doctors dead in the back of an ambulance. The vehicle was shot up.

‘Nothing could be more evil. He was raining bombs on our hospital. There was nowhere for patients or staff to hide.’

Ras Lanuf is said to be crucial for Gaddafi because his fuel supplies are low.

Gaddafi’s son Saif pledged that the government would ‘chase out every rat from every alley’.

Journalists are no longer welcome to photograph the faces of rebels for fear of repercussions when Gaddafi’s supporters seek out ‘traitors’.

Last week The Mail on Sunday rented an empty house in Ras Lanuf. By yesterday it had been flattened, taking a direct hit from a tank shell.

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Israeli Weapons Company & Mossad Recruited 50,000 Foreign Mercenaries For Gadaffi

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on Mar 2, 2011 Israeli arms distribution company Global CST has reportedly, under the authorization of Tel Aviv, provided Libyan ruler Muammar Gaddafi with African mercenaries to clamp down on anti-government protesters.

Egyptian sources have revealed that the Israeli company has so far provided Gaddafi’s regime with 50,000 African mercenaries to attack the civilian anti-government protesters in Libya.

The arms company was previously convicted in an African country over illegal deals, News-Israel website reported.

Sources say Global CST had obtained the permission for providing the mercenaries to Gaddafi from the Israeli officials in advance.

Earlier, Global CST general manager had met with the head of the Israeli Intelligence Agencies (Aman) and Defense Minister Ehud Barak and obtained the permission for the measure.

The company representatives also met with Abdullah Sanusi, the head of Libyan Internal Intelligence, in Chad to discuss the details for a final agreement, the report says.

The mercenaries who attack the civilians in Tripoli have mostly come from Chad.

Gaddafi regime pays $2000 per day for each mercenary. The mercenaries receive $100 per day and the remaining goes to Global CST, the report says.

Meanwhile, the United States has demanded the UN Security Council (UNSC) to remove the provisions of charging mercenaries with war crimes in the killing of Libyan civilians.

The request is for the UNSC to word the resolution in a way that no one from an outside country that is not a member of the International Criminal Court could be prosecuted by the Court for their actions in Libya.

The Libyan revolution, inspired by the recent revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia, sparked nearly two weeks ago.

Brutal crackdown by the Libyan regime on anti-government protesters has left thousands of people dead so far.

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